August 19, 2016
Alamance is a village located in Southern Alamance County, North Carolina. The Burlington Metropolitan area entails Alamance. It formed in 1849 from Orange County. The name comes from the local Greater Alamance Creek, along which the town rests. Alamance is the smallest community in the county, and was established in 1837. The town finally incorporated in 1979.
Alamance County started to grown during the mid 1700's as European settlers moved in from the North. They came along the eastern road, or "lower road" of the Piedmont, as opposed to the high road along the Appalachians. The settlers consisted mostly of Quakers and Lutherans. They were followed by Presbyterians.
The two consists of less than 1 square mile in area and has a population of just under 1,000 people. Alamance's population tripled in numbers from about 320 in 1980 to the estimated 980 in 2014. About 95% of the population are white, 3% are African American, and 1% each are Asian or Hispanic.
The median household income for Alamance is about $84,000.
The zip code for Alamance NC is 27201, and the telephone area code is 336.
Alamance is known for being the location of the War of the Regulation on May 16, 1771. This was the largest battle of that war and saw then Royal Governor William Tryon's 2,000 well-trained forces defeat more than 6,000 unorganized and unarmed Regulator troops from the western part of North Carolina. Less than a dozen members from each side were killed before the end of the skirmish. Of the dozen or so Regulators Tryon captured, half were handed at the nearby Hillsborough Courthouse. James Few, the brother of an American Founding Father (William Few) was hanged at Tryon's encampment the day after the battle.
An area near Alamance was also the location of Pyle's Massacre on February 26, 1781 when Loyalists of Britain were defeated during the Revolutionary War.
In 1837, Edwin Holt built the first cotton cloth mill in the South that dyed the materials at the factory. It was known as the Alamance Plaids. The cloth was so popular that is sparked a growth of Holt's mills throughout the Southern states.
A visit to the town of Alamance NC should include touring the Alamance battleground State Historic Site and the Alamance Mill Village Historic District. In addition to learning about the War of Regulation, the State Site pays homage to other battles, including the Battle of Guilford Courthouse and the Civil War encampment of Colonel John Hinsdale's 3rd NC Junior Reserve, who surrendered at High Point shortly thereafter.