Lincolnton, NC

Lincolnton NC is in Lincoln County...

2016 Best Guide to Lincolnton, NC

December 22, 2015

Lincolnton NC is located within Lincoln County, North Carolina and is the seat of the county.  It is situated northwest of Charlotte. It lies on the Catawba River system and entails a bit more than 8 square miles.

The population of Lincolnton NC is about 11,000. The County of Lincoln was previously part of Tryon County. When the new County of Lincoln split off, it and the town of Lincolnton were named in honor of Revolutionary War General Ben Lincoln.

The official establishment of Lincolnton was in 1785. The town was built around the courthouse, with four main streets and 100 initial lots. North Aspen, South Aspen, West Main, and East Main divided the town into four quadrants.

According to the Lincolnton County website, there were 48 white people and 44 slaves living in 1790s Lincolnton NC. By 1816 the town decided to add additional lots, bringing the total to 161. From the money obtained via the lot sale the town built the Pleasant Retreat Academy in 1821, followed by another one for girls a few years later.

Battle of Ramsour's Mill

The Battle of Ramsour's Mill occurred here on June 20, 1780. This was part of the British maneuvers to control America's colonies in the South during the Revolutionary War.  And, it was a battle between neighbors and friends. 

The Loyalist army of about 1,300 soldiers led by John Moore lost to an American militia force 1/3 that size.  The result was a weakened support of the Crown by the Loyalists in the Southern part of the country.

The militia was led by General Griffith Rutherford.  He ordered LTC Francis Locke to build up the forces at Mountain Creek, a dozen or so miles from Lincolnton.  After making contact near Ramsour's Mill, the Patriots secured a ridge line, flanking the Loyalists.  Rutherford sent in the cavalry.

Locke's line fell apart and he ordered his men to retreat.  But, Captain John Dickey decided to move his riflemen company to higher ground, where they overwhelmed the Loyalists. Many Loyalists fled and several dozen were taken prisoner after their surrender.

First Cotton Mill

North Carolina's first textile mill - a cotton mill - was built in Lincolnton in 1813. After being leveled by a flood in 1816, Michael Schenck - the original builder - and several others rebuilt, calling it the Lincoln Cotton Mills. It was operational until the early 1860s. And, St. Luke's Episcopal Church, with it's beautiful interior architecture was built in 1841.

Lincolnton County NC was one of NC's most populated counties by the 1840s. It was a large producer of wheat, apples, peaches, and milk and cheese. This was followed by extensive production of iron products, including bar iron and wrought iron tools.

By the mid 1840s, the town was thriving with business, including several attorneys, physicians, hotels, grocery stores, tailors, and other merchants. One of those businesses was a barber shop owned by Hiram Revels, the first black man to serve in Congress.

It was at this time, however, that Lincolnton County was divided to make way for several more counties (Catawba, Cleveland, and Gaston). By the end of the 1840s the original 1,800 square miles of Lincolnton County had been divvied out, reducing it to just 300. Much of what was left had little economic value.

During the Civil War, Lincolnton saw its share of men in the fighting. At the Battle of Cedar Creek (Virginia) General Stephen Ramseur, a 27-year-old (yup, a 27-year-old general!) Lincolnton native, was killed in action. He is buried in the town's cemetery. Interestingly enough, Dr. A. S. Piggott ran a medicine factory for the Confederate Army at the Confederate Laboratory in Lincolnton from 1863 - 1865.

Annexation of Boger City NC in 1995 increased the old town to its present day size.

Demographics

Demographically, Lincolnton consists of 66% white, 25% black, and a mix of Hispanics and other races. The median age is 38, and the average income for a family is $40,000. The per capita income is almost $17,000, with 17% being below the poverty line. 44% of the population are males, while 56% are female. 79% of those living in Lincolnton have a high-school diploma while 17% own a Bachelor's degree or higher. The unemployment rate is a whopping 10% (2014).

Zip Code

The zip code for Lincolnton is 28092 and 28093.

Today, the most common industries for Lincolnton are manufacturing, construction, and retail trade. The majority of the town's voters are Republican (69% in 2012 Presidential Election).

Weather

The weather for Lincolnton is typically warm in the summers and cool in the winters. The average high July temperature is 90 degrees F. and the average high January temperature is 50. The town gets about 4 inches of precipitation monthly, with about 10 inches of snow in January.

Nearby Towns

Towns near Lincolnton NC include...

SHERRILLS FORD, NC
HIGH SHOALS, NC
VALE, NC
MC ADENVILLE, NC
MOUNT HOLLY, NC
BESSEMER CITY, NC
CATAWBA, NC
CHERRYVILLE, NC
CROUSE, NC
WACO, NC
DENVER, NC
FALLSTON, NC
GASTONIA, NC
STANLEY, NC
HICKORY, NC
DALLAS, NC
IRON STATION, NC
KINGS MOUNTAIN, NC
LOWELL, NC
MAIDEN, NC
ALEXIS, NC
NEWTON, NC

The nearest town with at least 50,000 people is Gastonia, NC... about 15 miles to the southeast.

Schools & College

Gaston College is located in Lincolnton. Lincoln County also has four high schools: Lincolnton High School, North Lincoln High School, West Lincoln High School, and East Lincoln High School.


 

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